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黄浦卷 | 攻克2020高考一模十大难关,这些考题你都会吗?

发布时间:2019-12-24 作者:昂立外语 来源于:昂立外语网站
  
新年将至,当初定下的小目标实现了吗?
2020上海高三一模正如火如荼
是否对考点还存在疑虑?
如何将知识点吃透?
昂立外语·昂立语数特别企划
2020一模十大难关】解析集
围绕各区域一模英语试卷的重难点
进行真题解析、知识点拓展
帮助考生更好了解考情全貌
加强知识点记忆运用,复习有的放矢!
 
第一期 | 2020黄浦区一模十大难关
 
难关1-3:语法填空(节选) 
I love to sleep on planes, and I have an unusual ability to sleep well on them. There have even been one or two occasions (21) __________ I have fallen asleep before takeoff and awakened upon the impact of landing, not having realized we had even left the ground.
 
Also, I find that if a person knows he’s in a window seat, he’ll choose to use the bathroom before boarding so that he (26) __________ (not need) to disturb his neighbor, which is just considerate. And he’ll seize the opportunity to get up when another seatmate gets up so that the seatmate needn’t (27) __________(bother) more than once.
 
答案
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21. when / where
26. won’t need
27. be bothered
 
解析
21.本题难度较大,考查定语从句。本句先行词是occasions,有一两种情况下,我在飞机起飞前睡着了,然后飞机降落才醒过来。从句不缺主谓宾或主系表,所以用关系副词when/where. 本语境比较特别,可以指时间概念也可以地点概念,所以两者皆可以。有的考生会担心过多,导致失分。
 
26. 本题看起来不难,实际容易做错。乘客会选择在登机前使用卫生间,这样他就不会打扰邻座的乘客, 因此答案是won’t need
 
27. 本题特别容易做错,有好几个学生都说填了to be bothered. 本题实际上考查情态动词用法,和26空形成对比,26空后面有need to do, 所以是实意动词用法。本题答案为be bothered
 
 难关4-5:完型(节选)
 
Different researchers offer different definitions of “endangered”. The system of 43 (classification) used by the Catalogue of Endangered Languages evaluates languages in four areas: the 44 (number) of all the speakers, how often the language is conveyed to the next 45 (generation), the rate at which it is losing speakers and the___46___in which it is used. Based on this data, languages are ranked on a six-point scale from “safe” to “severely endangered.”
 
As the forces of globalization make the world more interconnected, previously 50 (isolated) language communities come under pressure to participate in a larger economy, which means learning the area’s majority language. ___51___, local schools often begin to teach the majority language instead of the local tongue.
答案
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46. C  51. C
 
解析:
 
46. 本题比较有难度,考生可能对语境不够熟悉。选C. situation. 评估的第三方面是这些语言失去使用者的比率以及使用的情况。situation表示情况。
 
51.本题考查逻辑,难度较大。选C. In response. 紧接50题,作为回应,当地学校经常开始教主流语言而不是当地语言。in response表示作为回应。
难关6:阅读B篇(节选)
HP ENVY Photo 7155 All-in-One Printer
 
Twice as many photos
Print up to twice as many pages with Original HP high-yield ink containers. HP 64 ink containers deliver true colors so all your prints will shine. Create splendid borderless photos and leaflets—right in your home.
61. Which of the following words best describe its “ink container”?
A. Adaptable. 
B. Automatic. 
C. Cost-effective. 
D. Eco-friendly.
 
答案
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C
 
解析:
61.本题比较难,主要是考生对墨盒了解不多,且对high-yield理解可能不够透彻。文章中提到:Print up to twice as many pages with Original HP high-yield ink containers. 使用原装HP高产量墨盒打印最多两倍的页面。说明性价比高,选择C选项cost-effective性价比高的,划算的。A选项的adaptable适应性强的;B选项automatic自动的;D选项的eco-friendly环保的,都没有提到。
 难关7:阅读C篇(节选)
②Biologists appear to have discovered a physical reason that explains why some people are risk-takers. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter, a chemical that spreads signals between nerve cells. It is linked to the brains reward system and is the chemical that makes us feel good, and scientists believe it to be linked to risk-taking. Our nerve cells have dopamine receptors (接收器) which control the amount of dopamine that each cell receives. But not all receptors may be active. When a person has few active receptors to control the amount of dopamine that is received, a cell can become flooded resulting in an extreme feeling of happiness.
 
63. If a person has fewer active dopamine receptors, __________.
A. he is less likely to feel happy
B. he is more willing to take risks
C. he will eventually become dopamine-addictive
D. he is poorer at controlling the amount of dopamine
答案
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B
 
解析:
63. C篇一般难度大,本题特别难,主要是专业术语多。B. 由第二段Dopamine is a neurotransmitter…and scientists believe it to be linked to risk-taking. When a person has few active receptors to control the amount of dopamine that is received, a cell can become flooded resulting in an extreme feeling of happiness.可知,一个人的active receptors越少,他就越愿意承担风险。
 
 难关8:翻译
 
74.由于缺乏受过专业训练的教师,一些美国学校很难加入汉语教学的竞争。(shortage)
答案
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74. It is difficult for some American schools to join the competition in Chinese language teaching because of a shortage of professionally trained teachers.
 
A shortage of professionally trained teachers has made it difficult for some American schools to join the competition in Chinese language teaching.
 
解析:
74. 本题难在句型的选用。本题考查shortage和句型it is +adj.+for+sb.+to do sth.的翻译用法。
 
词组ashortageofsth.表示缺乏某物,It is difficult for sb. todosth.,对某人来说做某事是困难的,形容词根据句子意思来替换。
 
同样,也可以把句型定为A has made it difficult to do;要注意语法和拼写准确性。
难关9:概要写作 
 
向上滑动阅览
 
Online “friends” ―a threat to development
 
The impact of technology on the nature of our friendships has been a much-debated topic since the dramatic rise of social networks. Advances in mobile technology and social networking websites mean we spend more time online than ever before. It is therefore not surprising that so many psychologists, sociologists, and others are eager to give their thoughts on how this is impacting negatively on our society.
 
 There is one element of social networking that is deeply worrying. We find ourselves in a hyper-connected world where people access social media day and night, excited to make announcements about the tiniest details of their lives. Research is starting to show that this culture is negatively affecting not our friendships but our character. Professor Larry D. Rosen says that young people who overuse social networking sites can become ineffective, aggressive, and display anti-social behavior in their offline lives. But perhaps an even more disturbing effect is that one of our most basic emotions seems to be disappearing—empathy. This is the emotion that allows us to see the world from our friends’ points of view. Without it, we are far less able to connect and form meaningful adult relationships.
 
Professor Sherry Turkle suggests that people are no longer comfortable being alone. This is something confirmed by a study where 200 university students were asked to go without social media for 24 hours. Many admitted an addiction to their online social network; most complained that they felt cut off from family and friends. And yet being alone is a time when we self-reflect and get in touch with who we really are. It is only when we do this that we can make meaningful friendships with others.
 
These potential changes in our characters are rather alarming, so it is clear that we can’t neglect those negative impacts of social networks.
答案
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There is an increasing concern about social networks’ negative impact on our society. As young people are crazy about sharing life moments online, they may develop bad characters and lose empathy. Besides, people can’t bear being alone, the lack of which makes them unable to self-reflect. So we should pay attention to those impacts. (54 words)
 
解析:
Summary writing一般很难得高分,我们要特别注意方法做Summary writing的时候:
1.找到每段中的关键词,了解段落大意;
2.用一些句型结构进行整合,如并列句,从句,分词等形式;
3.用不同的单词和句型进行paraphrase,尽量不要照搬文章原词和原句。
 
文章第一段主要讲社交网络的崛起对我们的友情和社会的负面影响,一些专家对此很担忧。
 
第二段主要讲现在的年轻人花了太多时间在社交媒体上,对他们的性格和移情能力都产生了负面影响,而移情能力对于建立成人关系很重要。
 
第三段讲到,人们不再喜欢独处,而独处是自我反省的一个良机。最后一段又呼吁了我们不能忽视社交网络的负面影响。
 
难关10:大作文
 
假设你是李明,你校正在进行高三年级的课程微调,准备将周三下午的第四节课设置为艺术欣赏类课程(art appreciation)”或者学科拓展类课程 (subject expansion)”,现广泛征求高三同学的意见。请发一封邮件至校长信箱(邮件中请不要出现真实的校名和姓名),你的邮件内容需包括:
1)你建议校方设置以上两类课程中的哪一类;(2)你的理由;(3)你希望此类课程包含哪些内容。
作文是失分重地。据教研员介绍,作文总分25分,全市平均分15分。
One possible version
 
Dear Headmaster,
I’m overjoyed at the news that there will be a slight adjustment to the courses we are taking, which, from my point of view, will be warmly welcomed by the majority of the students.I really appreciate your wise decision. After weighing up the pros and cons between the two possible choices, I deem that the subject expansion may be better mainly for the following reasons.
 
First, subject expansion can make us better-prepared for the college entrance examination. In such an ever-changing society, book knowledge is far from enough. Therefore, we should not confine our study to the textbooks but try to equip ourselves with more subject-related knowledge. Furthermore, with the college entrance examination approaching, we should endeavor to make full use of time. Although art appreciation is of vital importance for the development of a well-rounded individual, it may also be time-consuming, for many students are likely to sacrifice more time for the privilege of art appreciation, which may do more harm than good. Last but not least, subject expansion can pave the way for our further study or even our future career.
 
When it comes to the setting of the courses, I suggest the fundamental rule be that the courses shouldn’t take up too much time while involving as many students as possible. For instance, English oral practice, scientific experiments, and latest global news exchange may be possible ways to fulfil the function.
 
Thank you for your patience and I would appreciate it if you could take my advice.
 
Yours Sincerely,
Li Ming
255 words
 
结合考试政策和动态
昂立外语·昂立语数开设国内优培课程
涵盖综合巩固、单项突破、冲刺强化
帮助孩子更理想地备考与腾飞
 
综合巩固
 
高中优培必备班
结合了牛津及新世纪高一两本主要公校教材。涵盖语法、多主题阅读、听力、概要写作训练等,旨在打基础,提分数。
 
高中优培超越班
融合了牛津及新世纪高二两本主要公校教材。涵盖语法学习、阅读强化训练和拓展,听力难度提高,涉及部分大学四六级内容;同步提升概要写作和大作文写作技巧。
 
单项突破
高中英语 语法班、阅读班、写作班、听说班、外刊阅读班,针对薄弱英语模块进行强化点睛,查漏补缺。
 
冲刺强化
六月高考冲刺班
针对高考真题题型展开,每个章节涵盖对应考题的技巧分析、真题演练和全真模拟,系统地帮助学生冲刺高考,助力高分。
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